Causes Anuria And How To Treat – Anuria is a condition when the kidneys can not produce urine. If not immediately given appropriate treatment, anuria can cause permanent renal damage that causes more serious conditions, to life-threatening.
Causes Anuria And How To Treat
Generally, the kidneys produce between 1-2 liters of urine daily. Urine contains the body’s remaining metabolic substances that need to be removed. If the urine is not released by the body, then the substance and the liquid can accumulate in the body.
Causes of Anuria
One of the main causes of anuria is renal failure, a condition in which kidney function does not work. Kidney failure can lead to increased blood pressure and decreased red blood cell production.
Then, uncontrolled diabetes can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, which also leads to acute renal failure. In addition, high blood pressure (hypertension) can also be a cause of anuria. Over time, uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause the arteries around the kidneys to narrow, weaken or harden. This then causes kidney disorders, even kidney failure resulting in anuria.
Some other causes of anuria are closely related to kidney conditions, namely:
- Kidney stones
Kidney stones are formed from mineral deposits from your urine. Kidney stones can get big and block out the urine outflow. This condition also causes the pain that is generally felt at the waist.
- Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease is a form of long-term renal failure, where there is a gradual decline in kidney function. If chronic kidney disease reaches an advanced stage, fluids, electrolytes and hazardous waste can accumulate in your body.
- Kidney tumors
Tumors in the kidney, in addition to disrupting the function of the kidneys, can also suppress and inhibit the urine outflow.
How to Treat Anuria
To diagnose anuria, your doctor will ask for your symptoms first, such as fatigue, problems in urination, whether there is blood in the urine and whether any part of the body is swollen.
After that, your doctor may recommend specific tests that may help diagnose the cause of anuria:
- Blood test
- Urine Test
- Biopsy of renal tissue samples
- MRI and CT scan
- Renal scintigraphy, a test to test your kidney function through medical nuclear technology.
The proper treatment for anuria depends on the conditions underlying the cause. If you have diabetes or hypertension, it is important to take the medicine according to the doctor’s instructions. For kidney failure, dialysis or dialysis procedures can be used to remove fluids and waste substances that need to be removed.
Whereas when caused by kidney stones or tumors, then the treatment is to remove the stone or tumor is to improve the anuria and kidney function as a whole.
In addition, doctors may recommend surgical measures, or ESWL (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy) therapy using high frequency sound wave power to break down kidney stones that block kidney work. While in renal tumors may be given chemotherapy or radiation therapy, in addition to surgery, depending on the size and type of tumor. Kidney transplantation is considered the last resort for renal impairment.
Healthy lifestyle habits can also complement medical care on the condition of anuria. They include dietary adjustment, exercise, and stress management, which can gradually improve anuria.
Prevention and early treatment are important in overcoming anuria. If you experience less urination or other urinary problems, you should consult a doctor immediately.