Causes Hypopigmentation And Treatment – Bright or abnormal white skin color in certain body parts or whole body, possibly indicating hypopigmentation. Hypergigmentation is a condition in which the skin appears brighter or white because of the lack of melanin pigment that is a natural substance giving skin color.
Causes Hypopigmentation And Treatmen
Most cases of hypopigmentation are not considered serious and treatment can be given. It’s just on the dark skin, hypopigmentation can trigger embarrassment, especially if it occurs in the exposed skin.
Causes of Hypopigmentation
A common cause of hypopigmentation is damage to skin tissue, such as having skin infections, abrasions, burns, or other trauma to your skin. While some other hypopigmentation caused by genetic abnormalities in the body. You may experience loss of pigment in the affected skin area.
The loss of pigment that causes these white patches may be permanent or temporary, some of which can not be completely treated and some take longer to re-pigment. There are also some other conditions that require special treatment efforts.
Some causes of hypopigmentation, namely :
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder, in which pigment-producing cells are damaged. Vitiligo appears in the form of a fine white patches of skin on the skin. In some people, these spots can appear throughout the body.
Albinism is a rare congenital disorder caused by the absence of enzymes that produce melanin. This causes a lack of pigmentation in the skin, hair and eyes. An albino (albinism sufferer) has an abnormal gene that limits the body in producing melanin. This disorder is most common in whites.
- Pytiriasis Alba
Although known not classified as infectious diseases, but until now not known clearly what the exact cause of pytiriasis alba. This condition can be related to a history of eczema, skin inflammation, and allergies. One of the typical symptoms he has is a pale patch on the surface of the skin on certain body parts, such as face, neck, chest, back and upper arms.
Hypopigmentation complaints can also be caused by the infection process. Among them are pytiriasis versicolor or often known as panu, and leprosy which is also known as leprosy. Panu is caused by a fungal infection that grows on the surface of the skin and gives rise to hypopigmented patches. While leprosy is caused by bacterial infection of Mycobacterium leprae, which in the early phase leads to hypopigmentation complaints on some skin surfaces.
- Post-inflammatory hypergigmentation
This condition occurs related to the inflammation process experienced by the skin, either due to history of skin diseases or scars, especially burns, such as exposed to exhaust, hot water sprinkled, or irritation exposure to chemicals.
Treating Hypopigmentation with Precise
Doctors can diagnose hypopigmentation based on the appearance of skin disorders, ranging from shape, size, location, and lesion properties. It is also possible that the doctor will recommend a skin scraping or laser scanning test, as an investigation that can help diagnose hypopigmentation disorders.
Hypopigmentation treatment is basically tailored to the main cause. Doctors can recommend treatment in the form of use of topical drugs, chemical peels or laser therapy. In addition, with the help of sun exposure, the possibility of a minimal area of pigment will return to normal skin color.
Treatment for vitiligo adjusted degan severity and its spread. Some commonly used therapies include psoralen therapy that can absorb ultraviolet light, corticosteroids, or surgically to transplant the skin.
For the condition of hypopigmentation experienced by albinism sufferers, until now there is no treatment to overcome them. People with albinism should use sunscreen at any time because they are more susceptible to skin damage and skin cancer from exposure to sunlight.
Inspection by a dermatologist carefully, will greatly help the handling of skin discoloration hipopigmentasi, according to the causes and conditions experienced at this time. It is advisable not to handle hypopigmentation without doctor’s advice or supervision, to avoid non-decaying conditions due to improper handling.