Glycosuria More At Risk Of Diabetes Patients – Glycosuria occurs when there is sugar in the urine. Find out if this condition is dangerous, why diabetes patients are at higher risk of experiencing this, and how to overcome them.
Glycosuria More At Risk Of Diabetes Patients
Under normal conditions, blood sugar is reabsorbed by the kidneys from any fluid that passes through the organ into the blood vessels. But in glycosuria, the kidneys can not absorb enough of the blood sugar from the urine before it is removed from the body. Normal glucose levels in urine examination ranged from 0 – 15 mg / dl.
This condition is generally motivated by hyperglycemia or too high levels of glucose in the blood. But there are times when glycosuria can occur even if a person’s blood sugar level is normal or just below normal. This condition is called renal glycosuria.
Who’s More at Risk
There are certain conditions that generally can be behind the glycosuria, thus making people with certain diseases more at risk of experiencing this situation. These conditions are :
- Type 2 diabetes
In this condition, the body’s insulin receptors do not work properly, so that blood sugar can not enter the cells of the body effectively. As a result, there is an excess of blood sugar. This situation that makes blood sugar into the urine.
- Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a condition in which high blood sugar levels occur when a woman is pregnant due to hormones from the baby’s placenta inhibiting insulin in controlling blood sugar, so levels are too high.
- Renal glycosuria
This is a fairly rare type of glycosuria. This condition is caused by a mutation of certain genes and resulting in renal tubules or the urine filter part does not filter blood sugar well.
People who are not diabetic can also experience glycosuria. This type of glycosuria occurs when a person eats foods high in sugar. In addition to food, hyperglycemia can also be caused by acromegaly, thyrotoxicosis, severe anxiety, Cushing’s syndrome, increased stress hormones, and rapid emptying of the stomach.
Things to Look For Glycosuria Patients
In most cases, glycosuria has no effect or serious symptoms, so it can happen for years without notice. On physical examination there are often no specific abnormalities. In urine and blood examination, when glycosuria is present in the absence of impaired renal function, this condition is most likely caused by genetic and harmless mutations. But be on the lookout if you or someone closest has symptoms that may cause glycosuria such as: feeling very hungry, very thirsty, urinating suddenly or unusually. Meanwhile, those with glycosuria due to type 2 diabetes can feel tiredness, impaired vision, wounds healed, and weight loss for no apparent reason.
Although it sounds creepy, glucosuria does not actually require special treatment if it is not motivated by situations that make a person emit glucose in the urine in high levels. If the condition is caused by certain situations, such as diabetes, then the doctor will treat the patient so that the disease can be managed properly.
Generally, glucosuria can be treated with a regular exercise of at least 30 minutes per day, monitoring blood sugar levels, eating foods with adequate nutrition and reducing the consumption of sugar, fat, liquor, and caffeine. In addition, drugs to help the body use insulin, such as metformin, can also be used.