Important Nutrition for Infant Growth – In order to grow the baby’s growth to run optimally, needed intake of nutrients that exist in the food. Essential nutrients are carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Carbohydrates (KH) in English are called carbohydrates or often abbreviated as carb. As an energy source, one gram of carbohydrate is equivalent to 4 kcal. Percentage of foods derived from other carbohydrates, which amounted to 50-65%.
In general and practical, KH is divided into two, namely sugar and starch. Sugar consists of natural sugars (natural) and processed / refined sugars.
Meanwhile, starch also consists of natural starch (natural) and processed starch (refined). Natural sugar and natural starch are called good carbohydrates because they contain nutrient substances such as vitamins and minerals, and fiber that are essential for health.
Meanwhile, processed sugars and processed starches whose nutrients and fiber have been lost, commonly called bad carbohydrates.
1. Good carbohydrate source
- Natural sugar :
-fruit / certain vegetables and juices
-certain fruits / vegetables that taste sweet honey.
- Natural Starch :
coarse grain, brown rice, crushed yellow rice, potatoes, bananas, umbiumbian, corn, sago, and others.
2. Source of Carbohydrates Wicked
- Refined sugar / refined / processed :
-sugar, brown sugar, soft drinks, jam, candy, biscuits, cookies, and others.
- Processed starch / y refined / processed:
flour, pasta, white rice, rice flour, cornstarch, hunkwee, whole bread, noodles, vermicelli, pastries, and others.
Fat is indispensable for children, especially the right amount of fat consumed in the right amount. Body without fat intake like a car drove without oil, would not be perfect the way.
The amount of fat consumed is not as much as carbohydrates, one gram of fat is equivalent to 9 kcal. So, although consumed in small amounts, fat contains high enough calories. Therefore, fat should not be consumed too much. Percentage of daily fat consumption should be no more than 20-30%.
Structurally, fat consists of fatty acids and glycerol. There are two types of fatty acids, namely saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids.
Saturated fatty acids (saturated fatty acids) are fatty acids composed of carbon chains that bind all the hydrogens they attach. The unsaturated fatty acids (unsaturated fatty acids) are fatty acids containing one or more double bonds.
That contain one double bond is called monounsaturated fatty acid (monounsaturated fatty acid) and having two or more double bonds is called polyunsaturated fatty acid.
If not used will be stored into fat. Percentage of protein consumption recommended every day is about 10-20%. Where in 1 gram of protein is equivalent to 4 kcal. If excessive protein consumption then the excess will be stored as energy.
Proteins are large molecules composed of amino acid sequences. The nutritional value of proteins is determined by the essential amino acid levels, namely the essential amino acids, the amino acids required for metabolic processes. This substance can not be produced by the body itself so it must be supplied from the outside in the form of food sources of protein.
In addition, there are two other amino acids whose role is very important for infant growth, namely histidine and arginine. Amino acid arginine is essential for infant growth. The amino acid histidine is necessary for growth and is only essential for infants and children.
Sources of protein derived from animal foods (meat, fish, milk, cheese) contain all the essential amino acids needed by the body.
Other foods such as whole grains, beans and grains are good sources of protein. However, the number of essential amino acids is not as complete as the animal protein.
Therefore, the consumption of plant-derived proteins (vegetable protein) should be consumed diverse (especially vegetarian) so that the essential proteins can be complementary.