Less Vitamin B1, Pregnant Women Exposed to Risk of Disease BeriBeri
Less Vitamin B1 – If women experience a deficiency of thiamine, mothers at risk of developing the disease beriberi. If not treated immediately, the safety of the mother could be threatened.
Beriberi disease is a medical disorder caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1. There are two types of the disease beri-beri, ie wet beriberi heart attack and dry beriberi causes nerve and muscle disorders.
Beriberi disease can be prevented with sufficient vitamin B1 or thiamine. This material is generally contained in the fiber layer coating grains are often discarded when processed into white rice ready tanak. That’s why Less Vitamin B1 or thiamine deficiency commonly occurs in developing countries whose citizens love to eat rice processed.
Vitamin B1 or thiamine is also very important for pregnant women and babies in the womb. In addition to allowing the mother and the baby’s body convert carbohydrates into energy, thiamin important in the development of a baby’s brain and nervous system, muscles and heart.
The signs of thiamine deficiency in pregnant women actually are very common, such as fatigue, nausea, and headaches. But the lack of vitamin B1 in a very severe levels can cause the disease beriberi. Characteristics as follows:
- Difficulty speaking and walking.
- Hands and feet numb.
- The lower leg paralyzed muscles do not function.
- Confusion (mental confusion).
- Shortness of breath on exertion.
- The heart rate increases.
- Swelling of the lower leg.
- Drooping eyelids.
This disease can also occur in infants who are breastfeeding if the mother was experiencing thiamin deficiency. While that formula-fed infants may also develop the disease beriberi if the content of the milk does not contain enough vitamin B1.
Adequate Supplies Thiamin
Pregnant and lactating mothers generally need at least 1.4 milligrams of thiamine per day. This vitamin can be obtained from the consumption:
Whole grains (such as whole wheat, brown rice, and oatmeal) or products containing whole grains.
- Most species of fish.
- Vegetables and fruits.
To meet the needs of thiamin, here is an illustration of some foodstuffs following amount of thiamin content in it.
- 1 cup of vitamin-enriched white rice contains 1.2 milligrams.
- ¾ cup whole-grain cereals containing 1.5 milligrams.
- 3 thin slices of salmon contains 0.3 milligrams.
- ½ cup cooked peas contains 0.2 milligrams.
If you’re concerned can not meet this need of food, pregnant supplements the doctor can help meet this need.
Risk Causes Serious Complications
Another possibility thiamin deficiency as the cause of beriberi can also afflict people who like to consume liquor. The alcohol content causes the body to absorb thiamin difficulties. In some very rare cases, beriberi also is hereditary.
People with hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid gland, diarrhea that persisted, kidney dialysis are also at risk of suffering from beri-beri. If not treated, the disease risk of causing serious complications that can be considered, such as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome which causes permanent effects, coma, psychosis, heart failure, and even death.
Blood tests and urine can be used to detect this possibility thiamin deficiency. One beriberi disease management can be done with supplementation of thiamine orally or injected.