Protect Body Part from Ultraviolet
Protect Body Part from Ultraviolet – Staying in a country that nearly year-round sunshine is a distinct advantage. Nevertheless, there is a risk of health problems that lurk behind this ultraviolet light exposure.
There are three types of ultraviolet rays by a short length and how these rays penetrate the skin. The first type is the shortest UVC, is absorbed by the atmosphere and the runs will not reach the earth’s surface.
While UVB rays are of medium size which can not penetrate deeper than the surface of the skin. In contrast, 95 percent of UVA reaching the earth and penetrate the deeper layers of skin. Now let’s recognize the dangers of ultraviolet rays on the health of the body and look at ways to minimize the risks.
Exposure to bright sunlight, especially reflected in the water can cause eye injury. High-intensity ultraviolet rays can even cause temporary blindness. Eye infection is a condition that needs to be watched because it can occur in eye injury due to burning ultraviolet rays. In addition, the risk of exposure to UV rays also cause the following conditions:
Fotokeratitis or inflammation of the cornea, as well as fotokunjungtivitis or inflammation of the conjunctiva (lining inside the eyelid and eye socket). Although it can be very painful, but both of the above conditions can be cured and generally do not cause chronic disorders of vision.
Cataract. This eye disease arises due to the disintegration of the protein in the lens of the eye, causing a buildup of pigment which gradually causes blindness. With aging, cataracts may deteriorate due to exposure to UVB rays. The good news, cataract can be cured with surgery.
Eye cancer. The study found that some types of eye cancer may be linked to exposure to the sun in a long time. One dangerous type of eye cancer is melanoma.
Pterygium. In the inner corner of eye, tissue can form fibrovaskular growing towards the center of the eye. This tissue growth associated with UV exposure. Over time, the network can cover the hole of the pupil so that interfere with vision. Pterygium can be treated with surgery, although can grow back.
Ultraviolet rays cause damage elastin fibers in the skin so the skin is stretched not irreversible. Ultraviolet rays can penetrate deep layers of skin deep enough in which blood and connective tissue located. Allegedly this happened because of premature aging UVA increases oxidative stress in cells. It is a condition in which the number of free radicals exceeds the body’s ability to neutralize it.
Meanwhile, UVB actually stimulates the production of melanin and the production of a thicker epidermis of the skin cells. Therefore UVB actually help the body fight against the damage caused by ultraviolet light. However, UVB exposure in high doses can also cause skin burns that the risk of triggering the development of cancer.
Here are some skin conditions that can be caused by exposure to ultraviolet:
Sunburn or sunburn. Too long basking in the sun causes lethal UV radiation and damage the cells on the surface layer of the skin. Sunburn can cause it to become reddish called eriterma. Although it may subside in a few days, but this condition can make the skin blister and peel. The new skin that comes after that is even more vulnerable to UV exposure.
Skin wrinkles. Those who do not Protect Body their skin from the beginning of this ray can experience more premature skin aging.
Skin cancer (carcinoma and melanoma), as well as pre-cancerous (actinic keratoses).
Injuries to the skin due to a decrease in the skin’s immune function.
Skin color changes, called mottled pigmentation.
Skin color changes faded to yellow.
Telangiektasias: dilation of small blood vessels under the skin.
Elastosis: the destruction of elastic tissue and collagen. The skin becomes easier to loose, wrinkled, and bergurat.
Skin certain people are more sensitive to UV. This condition is called photosensitivity, where the levels of UV that little can cause certain allergic reactions, such as rash or skin badly burned. This condition is often associated with the consumption of certain drugs, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, antibiotics, and antidepressants.
To handle lightly burnt skin from the sun, pain relievers such as ibuprofen and aspirin may help. So also with the bath with cold water and drinking enough mineral water. Cream containing moisturizers, aloe vera, and one percent hydrocortisone can also be applied to help the recovery. Immediately consult a doctor if it burns, then accompanied by high fever, dehydration, and the unbearable pain that does not subside until more than two days. While treatment can be administered to patients with melanoma include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.
The immune system
UV radiation suspected to be absorbed by the molecules near the skin that can affect the response of the cells and the immune system against certain diseases. This condition makes it too long basking in the sun causes lethal UV radiation and damage the cells on the surface layer of the skin. Sunburn can cause it to become reddish called eriterma. Although it may subside in a few days, but this condition can make the skin blister and peel. The new skin that comes after that is even more vulnerable to UV exposure.
Avoiding the risk of UV rays
For those of you who often move outdoors, exposure to UV rays from the sun means inevitable, Even so, there are simple ways to do so is not parched by this light.
Apply sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15, approximately 20 minutes before exposure to UV light. SPF indicates how long you are Protect Body from the sun after applying the cream. SPF 15 indicates that the sunscreen can Protect Body their users up to 15 minutes. Keep in mind that the performance of sunscreen also influenced by sweat, humidity, wind, and basting right. The following tips in order to get the maximum benefits of sunscreen.
Sunscreens that have aged 1-2 years had lost its benefits so it does not need to be used again.
Sunscreen needs to be applied back every 2 hours or when sweating. So also when swimming.
After applying sunscreen on the feet and hands, do not forget to spread also the neck, backs of hands, lips, and ears.
Avoid applying sunscreen along with other materials, such as lotions and mosquito lotion because it will not be able to Protect Body and the skin.
In contrast to the opinion in general, wearing dark clothing and tighter turns out to be effective in protecting the skin from UV exposure than the brightly colored loose-fitting clothing.
Wear a hat and sunglasses that protect the eyes from UV rays completely.
In Indonesia, the sun shines almost all day. As a precautionary measure early, at least we can avoid outdoor activities when the sun is very hot, for example at 12.00 until 14.00.