Five Signs You Have Metabolic Syndrome – Many people underestimate certain health conditions such as increased blood sugar or high cholesterol levels. Although elevated blood sugar levels are not necessarily a diabetes, you should be vigilant. Because, if blood sugar levels rise along with other conditions such as cholesterol and blood pressure rise, you are at risk of metabolic syndrome. What is the metabolic syndrome and what are the signs of it? Let’s find out the complete information below.
Five Signs You Have Metabolic Syndrome
What is a metabolic syndrome ?
Metabolic syndrome are some conditions such as increased blood pressure, increased blood sugar, excess fat in the body around the waist, and an increase in unusual cholesterol levels simultaneously. This condition can eventually trigger diseases such as diabetes, stroke, heart disease, until death.
Signs of metabolic syndrome
To get the diagnosis, you must meet three of the five risk factors or symptoms below.
- Central obesity (people with potbelly or waistline above normal). The larger the waist circumference, the risk of hypertension and heart disease increases. While normally, waist circumference is about 90 centimeters (cm) and women 80 cm.
- Triglyceride levels ≥ 150 mg / dL or moderate in the treatment of hypertriglyceride.
- Levels of HDL or good cholesterol in men are lower than 40 mg / dL and women are lower than 50 mg / dL.
- High blood pressure (hypertension) with a systolic blood pressure value of ≥ 130 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmHg, or being in the treatment of hypertension.
- High fasting blood sugar, which is ≥ 100 mg / dL or is in the treatment of diabetes.
You can know the above five symptoms by doing a complete blood test. You may also experience typical symptoms of each condition. For example, often thirsty and frequent urination if your blood sugar is high or headaches and heart rate irregular if your blood pressure is high.
Who is at risk for metabolic syndrome?
Many factors can cause metabolic syndrome, but the biggest risk factors that cause is the lack of physical activity (exercise) and insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the hormone insulin is not able to process glucose (sugar) in the blood properly, resulting in increased levels of glucose. This condition is known as diabetes mellitus.
Other conditions that increase the risk of metabolic syndrome are aging, genetic factors (heredity), family history of diabetes and / or heart disease, and a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women.
What to do if you have the signs above?
Consulting a doctor immediately after obtaining a complete blood test result is the right step to deal with the metabolic syndrome. Your doctor may prescribe certain medications you need such as blood pressure-lowering drugs, insulin injections, cholesterol drugs, and so on. Then follow your doctor’s advice and your health care provider to prevent the condition getting worse.
In addition, you are also strongly advised to make various lifestyle changes. For example with the things below.
- Implement a healthy diet. For example by increasing the intake of fruits and vegetables, reduce fast food and packaged foods.
- Keep the ideal body weight measured by body mass index (BMI). Calculate whether your weight is now ideal with the calculator.
- Increase physical activity with regular exercise.
- Stop smoking and limit consumption of alcoholic beverages.
- Routine check blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar levels and control to the doctor.