Vasomotor Rhinitis Causes Nose Disorders – Vasomotor rhinitis, also known as non-allergic rhinitis, is an inflammation that occurs on the inside of the nose, which is not caused by allergies. This condition is caused by a nerve disorder. Do you have frequent runny nose, sneezing, and stuffy nose without a definite cause? If true, be careful. Maybe you have vasomotor rhinitis.
Vasomotor Rhinitis Causes Nose Disorders
The inside wall of the nose is rich in blood vessels. Under normal conditions, these blood vessels narrow so that air circulation inside the nose can run smoothly. But if there is inflammation, blood vessels will dilate so as to make the airways in the nose impaired. This inflammation is usually caused by swelling of blood vessels and fluid buildup in the tissues in the nose.
Signs and Symptoms of Vasomotor Rhinitis
Rhinitis is divided into two types, namely allergies and non-allergies. Allergic rhinitis is the most common rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis can be permanent, seasonal, or caused by a person’s work risk.
While vasomotor rhinitis is one of the diseases that belong to non-allergic rhinitis. Vasomotor rhinitis occurs when blood vessels in the nose dilate or expand. Dilation of blood vessels in the nose produces swelling and can cause nasal congestion. This can make the mucus dry out in the nose.
The cause of vasomotor rhinitis is still not known for certain. However, the symptoms can be triggered by something that irritates the nose, for example :
- Air pollution
- Changes in weather & dry air
- Cigarette smoke
- Alcohol & perfume
- Certain medications such as antihypertensive drugs, beta blockers, antidepressants, aspirin, and birth control pills
- Use of over-the-counter nasal decongestant drugs
- Spicy food
- Heavy stress
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menstruation
Some of the symptoms of this disease are runny nose, congestion, sneezing, watery, as well as mild irritation or discomfort in or around the nose that can reduce the function of your sense of smell.
If you have vasomotor rhinitis, you will not feel symptoms of itchy nose, watery or itchy eyes, and itchy throat. Because these symptoms only occur if you have allergic rhinitis.
Treatment and Prevention
Non-allergic rhinitis such as vasomotor rhinitis, apparently can affect children and adults. However, the disease is more common in people aged over 20 years. If you often experience some symptoms of this disease, you need to consult a doctor. The doctor will perform a physical examination and perform investigations such as allergy testing and endoscopic examination to see the inside of the nose. If no abnormality is found on the examination, the doctor may diagnose it as vasomotor rhinitis.
The main principle of treatment in vasomotor rhinitis is to avoid the factors causing the appearance of symptoms. Sleeping with a higher pillow can help reduce nasal congestion. To help overcome the symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis can be used free medicines such as nasal spray saline for nasal irrigation, nasal spray corticosteroid, decongestant (pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine), and nasal spray antihistamine.
But if your symptoms worsen or you experience side effects from over-the-counter medicines, your doctor may prescribe nasal sprays such as mometasone, azelastine, olopatadine, or ipratropium.
Until now there has not been a fully effective prevention method in dealing with the condition of vasomotor rhinitis. Therefore, it is important to know what are the trigger factors that can trigger the symptoms and avoid them. You should not overuse nasal decongestant drugs, because the use of this drug if too often can cause worsening of symptoms. If vasomotor rhinitis can not be treated with treatment, your doctor may suggest surgery.
Immediately consult your doctor, if the symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis that you experience are getting worse even if you have used over-the-counter medications, or you experience side effects from over-the-counter medications for vasomotor rhinitis.